The Abortion Pill
Abortion, that is the termination of pregnancy, is carried out under a qualified doctor’s supervision in order to ensure maximum safety. It is carried out by following a surgical procedure that only a doctor can conduct. Although this procedure is safe since you leave everything in the hands of the doctor, it requires time and needs you to stay in the hospital for the post-operation recovery, observation and the follow up examination. Moreover, you also have to pay the medical bills. All these issues have led to a single solution in the form of the abortion pill. It is a substitute for the surgical procedure for abortion.
The generic name of the abortion pill is RU486. It is available under the brand name “Mifeprex”. This pill consists of two medicines: misoprostol and mifepristone. It can be taken by women up to the eighth week of pregnancy in order to abort their pregnancy.
The Effects of the Abortion Pill
The abortion pill decreases the levels of progesterone and causes contraction in the uterine muscles. Progesterone is a female hormone which is responsible for maintaining a thick uterine lining to support the fetus and, therefore, it maintains the pregnancy throughout the nine months. The decrease in the levels of progesterone leads to the breakdown of the uterine lining, thereby leading to the monthly menstrual bleeding during the normal days. On the other hand, during pregnancy, the decrease in progesterone can lead to an abortion as the lining of the uterus breaks down and can no longer support the embryo. The component of the abortion pill which is responsible for decreasing the progesterone levels is the mifepristone. The second component, misoprostol, is taken within one or two days after taking mifepristone. It causes uterine contractions, causing the embryo to be expelled. This happens within six to eight hours.
An abortion pill should only be taken if you have been pregnant for a duration of 8 weeks or less. However, it is most effective if taken within the first two weeks of pregnancy. Moreover, you must take the dosage of misoprostol within 24 to 72 hours after taking the mifepristone in order to carry out the abortion. Follow up check-ups should be carried out at least twice or thrice at regular intervals by your gynecologist or your regular doctor in order to make sure that everything went well.
It has also been strongly recommended by the doctors that the abortion pill must be taken within 49 days from your last menstruation. This has been recommended because the effectiveness of this pill reduces as the number of days exceeds forty-nine, thereby giving rise to complications.
The side-effects of the abortion pill are a result of misoprostol. You will experience severe pain due to the uterine cramps, accompanied by nausea, vomiting, heavy vaginal bleeding, diarrhea and headache. It has been claimed that the abortion pill does not affect your future pregnancies in any way, nor does it decrease your chances of conceiving again.